All posts by David Miller


The History of Weaving

 Weaving is said to be one of the oldest surviving crafts the world has known, with the weaving tradition dating back to 12,000 years ago during Neolithic times. Before the weaving process was discovered and coined, the basic principle existed and was often used to interlace branches and other materials to create fences, shelters, and other solid objects.

Weaving is a popular method used to create textiles. It consists of interlinking vertical and horizontal threads. These threads have different names; the vertical threads known as wrap and the set of horizontal threads as weft. The act of weaving can be done commercially using machines or by hand. The machines sued for weaving are usually known as looms.

Looms started as basic wooden frames and gradually transformed into the modern, electric machines we know and use today. Although, for the most part, weaving has become mechanized, hand weaving is still an existing practice.

The first string was created 20,000 to 30,0000 years ago when humans began to twist plant fibers together. Fine strings were produced by gathering a small bundle of plant fibers and stretching them, twisting them together at the same time. This discovery was the first step to weaving, sewing, and spinning.

Threads and strings of different sizes were created by using different sizes of plant fibers- more fibers for a thick thread, and less for a thin thread. Once individual threads were created, the threads could then be woven together to create tactile objects useful to everyday life.

Cloth weaving came about in the Neolithic Era and was used in virtually every household for a variety of purposes. For thousands of years following its creation, cloth weaving was associated with family and personal life and by the 11th century, most of the popular weaving patterns we use today had been created. This is when cloth weaving started to become a work-related task, migrating away from family.

During the Industrial Revolution, weaving turned fully mechanic with the invention of water and steam powered weaving looms. The fly shuttle -a narrow canoe shaped tool that houses a bobbin- was put to work weaving the threads, removing the need for workers to manage the threads by hand. The fly shuttle was created by John Kay in England in 1733. The invention doubled the speed of weaving and increased production.

The Jacquard Machine was established in the 1800s. It used a punch card mechanism to operate the loom and has been credited as the basis of modern computer science. Textiles woven on this machine are complex and modern.

These among other weaving innovations made in the Industrial Revolution, lead to a change in the way woven cloth was manufactured and sold. Now, large quantities of cloth could be produced for relatively cheap.

Today, a large, complex cloth making industry is in place; crafting intricate, luxurious cloth and supplying millions with it. There are artisans that use traditional looks to weave, though. These artisans keep the ancient tradition alive.

Best European cities to visit for Art


Florence is the city of lily that gave birth to the Renaissance. For a long time Florence has captured the imagination of tourists who have come searching for rooms with a view and incredible Art. Piazza dell Signoria is always busy with tourists visiting as it’s the heart of the city and everybody loves to come here. It is also the home to the Uffizi, the world’s most amazing place of Renaissance Art.


Its university buildings surrounded by; tress and huge meadows, ancient streets, gardens and riverbanks, the city of Cambridge is situated in lovely England. On Christmas Eve there is a traditional festival where carols are broadcasted live by the amazing King’s College choir. Cambridge is not only a lively city but is still inspired by tradition, history and Art.


London is one of the most modern cities in the world with its interesting history and traditions. It has famous landmarks like Buckingham Palace and Westminster Abbey. Not only has it got these but it also has the National Gallery and the Tate Modern where you can see the amazing Shakespeare drama. It is one of the world’s most amazing destinations to visit.


Salzburg is known to art lovers as the Golden City of High Baroque. It is known to music lovers as the birthplace of Mozart; one of the world’s most famous and amazing composers and to historians as the Florence of the German Rome.


Milan can be compared negatively to Rome and Florence, but Milan still has lots of culture and Art. It might be the world’s most incredible centres for fashion but it is also famous for The Last Supper by Leonardo Da Vinci and the amazing opera house in La Scala along with the new Prada Foundation which is very impressive.


Paris is one of the most beautiful and amazing cities in the world. With its stunning views it is the home of the Eiffel Towel and the regal Jardin des tuileries with tiny cafes in every sidewalk. Whether you choose to explore the history, fashion or arty side of Paris, one thing is for certain you will not be disappointed!


Basel is situated in Switzerland between France and Germany and has over thirty museums. Here is the famous Kunst Museum, Art Basel in summer and Basel world in the spring with many more to visit on your trip to this beautiful city. Basel hosts the world’s most famous fairs for contemporary art and also watches along with the most famous carnival in Switzerland known as Fasnacht.

Paint And Dirt On Your Carpets? How To Clean It Off!

Like a lot of artists, the studio and/or house can be a messy looking place from time to time, whenever we are in our creative flow, whether that be painting a picture, sculpting a ceramic ornament or cutting wood for the latest masterpiece. Floors can get dirty and stained and dirty with paint, glues and other bits of dirt.

Although this may sound contradictory, but having a clean working environment can give you the head space and clarity sometimes needed to proceed wonderful pieces of art. I’ve put together some pointers on keeping carpets clean, please feel free to read them below:

A guide to carpet cleaning

In addition to vacuuming, considering a professional clean of your carpets is a good idea, before they become too bad to do yourself! Steam cleaning them will remove any oily or sticky soil, which vacuuming just won’t remove. Steam cleaning will remove any embedded dirt, that may have been absorbed by your carpet over time.

These type of particles will build up on your carpet, causing a dulling effect on the color which eventually causes a wearing away of the carpet fiber. A high-pressure steaming job with a strong vacuum would restore the color vibrancy in your carpets while lifting away the embedded soil.

It’s all in the routine

Don’t wait for your carpets to get too dirty, take a proactive approach. If you clean your carpets and upholstery regularly, then you will avoid dirt building up before it gets too engrained. This will prolong the lifespan of your carpets, keeping them looking fresher, newer and cleaner for longer. Check out professional carpet cleaning in livermore

Hot water extraction method

  1. Applying a hot solution mixed with detergent
  2. then agitate the carpet fibers, before finally
  3. extracting the used solution and soil particles.

green paint on carpet

Leave it to the pros!

Yes, carpet cleaner machines are available on the rental market. However, these often lack power in both pumping the solution right into the carpet’s base and also being able to extract the end solution of dirt from the carpet. These machines also haven’t got a way to heat the cleaning solution.

If your carpet is too wet it may take up to two days for it to be fully dried out, so you may end up walking on your damp carpet, walking loose soil from your shoes into the carpet causing it to get dirty again very soon.

Whereas a professional carpet cleaning service will use the correct detergents to suit your style of carpet.

A note on fabric protectors

Fabric protector for your carpet and upholstery basically protects them against spots from forming or any potential staining of the fabric.

It will ensure:

  • Prevention of the soakage of liquids into your carpets or upholstery
  • Acts as a repellent towards particles of dead skin and oil from hair
  • Improves the cleanliness longevity of your carpet
  • Will reduce the amount of fabric cleaning you will need to do, and
  • there will be reduced wear n’ tear of your

Starting Out With Clay. 4 Things to Know

So you may have decided to try your hand at the pottery wheel. Great! Knowing where to begin can feel a little overwhelming at the start. What tools do I need? What space do I need to work in? What temperature does clay set in?

clay art

Starting out with a beginner’s pottery class can give you an idea of some of the basics to getting more involved with this wonderful craft. Alternatively, buying some clay and experimenting with little crafts on your own is a good trial and error way to get a taster for the potter’s wheel. I have put together some things to know before you start out by yourself:

  1. So why work with clay?

For a start, clay is simply fascinating to work with! There are no mistakes and the beauty of it is that it will lend itself favorably to your level of skill – beginner or advanced, whether you are a child or an adult. It’s very easy to learn how to make a pinch pot in just under one hour.

Even though it is simple to learn, clay is not boring. There are always more techniques and designs to explore and create. Get yourself ready for an adventure on your clay journey!

  1. The best space to work in?

It is best to keep clay at room or to work in an outer building by itself. Clay dust particles are very fine and probably won’t be sucked up by a standard household vacuum.

Ideally, the best space for you to work in should have

  • floors impenetrable to water and easily cleanable (concrete)
  • water access close by (note: clay shouldn’t go down your drain!)
  • a sturdy table
  • a surface which clay will not stick to
  • some sturdy shelves for drying your pots
  • some type of storage unit
  1. Lots of different clays and glazes!

The temperature in which your clay matures at is the most important thing to consider. This is because glazes should be matched to the temperature of maturation for the clay.

Tip: Find a local potter who’ll hire out some kiln space to you. This way, you can find out the temperature(s) they would usually fire to and you might pick up some other tips too!

  1. Find your clay and supplies

Instant clay ready to use form the pack and glazes are pretty widely available on the market. You can buy these in a range of colors (meaning the color of the fired clay) and suitable for a range of temperatures. The best starting point would be to check with a local store that supplies ceramic and pottery supplies, a store for artist’s supplies or crafts retailer. Many of the local stores could be willing and able to help you out if you ask them. Alternatively, Google some online pottery and ceramic supply stores to give you an idea.

Fly, some money advice!

As you get more familiar with clay and practice making more pots, you should consider ordering larger quantities of supplies each time as you will save money on shipping and also get more clay for your buck!

Abstract Paintings

Odds are, you have seen a lot of paintings in your lifetime. There are likely a few that you truly appreciate, though. This is because there are many different techniques and styles used in paintings. One such style of painting is abstract. Many people think of abstract paintings as odd because they stand out as different. It’s important, though, to understand why the painting was created, though, before you judge it too harshly.

13-04-colorful-contemporary-abstract-paintingHundreds of years ago, abstract painting came on the scene. There are many museums and private collectors that house these paintings. They are known as a great investment and item to collect. Abstract paintings tend to appreciate in value over the years as more and more people become aware of them. Some of the more famous painters of abstract art were Modigliani, Van Gogh, and Picasso. They helped abstract paintings become a lot more famous.

People describe abstract paintings in a number of different ways. These paintings are not like traditional paintings because they do not portray reality. In the past, paintings were all about capturing reality onto a canvas, but abstract paintings changed all of that. The aspects depicted in an abstract painting are not realistic at all. The colors and shapes do not accurately represent anything in the real world. They may refer to a particular person or object, or they may not. If you are having a hard time understanding a certain painting, you can ask the painter or an expert on the painting to find out its meaning. Typically, those who love natural art enjoy abstract paintings. They seem to understand the paintings significance more easily.

The next time you are at an art museum, try to take the time to look at some abstract paintings. You will typically see bold, vivid, and bright colors in those paintings. You will also likely see a lot of bio-metric shapes included. This creates a stunning piece of art that is both strange and beautiful at the same time.

The Art of Graphic Design

sec-graphic-design-bachelorGraphic design is an art form that stands all on its own. It is a way for an artist to create a masterpiece to help a business stand apart from the rest. It gives a business a branding identity that people can identify with and recognize the company. If you are wanting to be a graphic design artist, there are some things you need to keep in mind.

In order for a business to be recognized and stand out from the others, they need a design that is informative and eye catching. There are a few things to keep in mind when you are trying to design for a business.

The design should have good readability. The ideas in the design should be consistent. You don’t want to confuse your potential customers, but to help them understand what is being offered. If it is easy to read, your customers will know what is being offered. 

You will want everything to be organized visually. The illustrations, designs, and main image needs to target your audience and describe your purpose. Everything in the design should be relevant, making the site more friendly and usable to the visitors.

It is important to consult regularly with the business you are working with to incorporate their ideas and thoughts into the ultimate design. You will want to focus on the elements that help a graphic design stand out, such as texture, mass, shape, lines, and colors. The design must also be easy to understand so the audience can get to the point quickly and have an effective presentation and easy on the eye.

The main thing, though, is to stay true to yourself. You were hired to do the job because the company liked your ideas and your portfolio. Listen to their needs and wants and take them into consideration, but make sure that the design represents who you are as an artist. Consistency is a great characteristic for any artist.

Sculpting Our World

Sculptures have been around since the eighteenth century in the United States. They are mostly used as a type of expression that represents the culture they were made from. As an example, there are some sculptures that were in ancient ruins that show what life in the Greek civilizations was like. This helps us to understand the time period better and the growth and development of art.

portrait_sculpting_shot__by_crazyace7-d7en2r0Sculptures are different from most other types of art because they are designed to be three dimensional. They are able to be more realistic than most forms of art. There are a few different techniques that can be used in making sculptures. Some of the most used techniques are construction, casting, carving, and molding.

With modeling, you can add or subtract objects. This is very unlike the carving method. Casting is when you use a mold that was cast from an already existing object. This is used mostly when you want to duplicate another sculpture, perhaps through using a material that is lighter.

Modeling is still mostly the same today as it was years ago. The artists still use materials like wax, paper mache, and clay. Some use plastic now instead of ceramics, terra cotta, and clay. There are some more contemporary sculptors that are now using “junk” to create their sculptures. The younger crowd seems to enjoy these the most when they are in art galleries and museums. Some other sculptures are made from wood or metal. There are many tools that have been created over the years to help make the sculpting process easier.

Throughout the centuries, sculptures have played a big role in the arts. They help to show us aspects of different cultures throughout the ages and allow artists to create and use their imaginations to portray things both real and imagined. It is a fun type of art for people of all ages to explore and one that we should not take for granted.

Face Painting Art

Face painting is an art that is often overlooked by the art community. It is, however, loved by all ages of children. If you are interested in learning to face paint, you should first have some skills in drawing.

Boy masked as tiger

To learn to face paint, the best option is to just do it. Read books or watch videos online to hone your skills. This will help you learn about all you need to get started, such as brushes, sponges, and paint. Once you’ve tried it out and enjoy it, start looking for classes to help you get better. A lot of theater classes will hold classes on face painting.

Many face paint artists will make their own paint. The good thing about making your own paint is that you can make your own specialty colors. It’s really quite simple. All you need is corn starch, cold cream, water, and food coloring. The starch and cold cream are mixed together thoroughly, then water is added. The coloring is added last.

You will want to use a small paint brush on the face to paint the designs. If you mess up, just wash it off with soap and water. The paint can be stored in a container that is airtight. Be careful not to paint on people with sensitive skin or people who are allergic to any of the ingredients. Also, always have the person close their eyes when you are working near them. You never want to let the paint get in their eyes.

There are a few occasions when you should not paint an individual’s face. As discussed above, you don’t want to paint someone’s face who is allergic to any of the ingredients in the paint. You also want to avoid painting anyone with sores or open wounds on their face. If they have any kind of skin condition that is infectious, avoid them as well. You should also not paint on anyone less than the age of three.

Face painting is a type of art that is fun, easy, and very rewarding. You can learn to do it in a short amount of time. It is a unique was to show your creative side even when you feel you are not otherwise creative. It can also be a way for you to make some money. There are many fairs and parties looking for an experienced face painter.

Painting on Glass

Have you seen glass painting art before?  Maybe you have thought of trying it yourself. Painting on glass is a growing form of art in many parts of the world. It is a unique and fun form of art that anyone can do.

maxresdefaultGlass painting is a lot different than painting on paper. There are a few different ways you can use to paint on glass, from the use of special glass paint to basic oil paints. When you use the basic oil paints, you are painting on the surface of the glass. This is often used to add details that otherwise would not show up on the painting. Using this style of painting is more like drawing than anything else. The types of basic glass paints include oil based paints for stained glass, silver paint, matt paint, and vinegar trace paint.

You can also use paints that would normally be used in other forms of art to paint on glass, such as automobile paints, model paints, acrylic paints, and oil paints. Also, you can either paint the glass by hand or use air brushing, which can give you nicer results most of the time.

Knowing how to paint your glass is pretty simple. It begins with choosing the right kind fo glass. You will want to clean it well then dry it. Next, place the pattern you want on the glass and trace over it firmly with a pencil. Use liquid lead and follow the lines from the pattern. It works best to start applying the lead from the middle of the pattern and work towards the outside. Be sure to mix your colors and stains well. Start with the light colors and slowly add in the dark ones. Last, begin painting your glass with the colors.

You will want to ensure that you clean the glass paint up well. Use a paint thinner to clean your brushes or other items uses. To clean your hands, use lacquer then dry your hands well.

Painting on glass can be simple and fun. Go ahead and give it a try. Who knows, you may even be able to sell your art to make a little money from your hobby.

The Japanese Kabuki

0bc751a3c9b3596f91180838bb6c0e33In Japan, Kabuki is a traditional form of theater art. Kabuki is a Japanese word that means bizarre theater. Young people that used to dress in a strange manner and were rebellious were known as kabukimono. Because the characters performing the kanji dance and sing, kabuki came to mean the art of dancing and singing as well.

Over time, the art of kabuki has changed. The kabuki that you can see nowadays is not the same as it was originally. Kabuki was originally performed by only women. They played all of the roles, including those of men. The stories performed were based upon the common people of the area and included a twist of comedy. Not too long after the art was created, the women that performed kabuki mostly became prostitutes, so they were no longer able to perform in the theaters and, shortly after, men took on the roles. The focus of kabuki changed from a dance to a performance under the men. Not long after the men took over, they began working in the prostitution ring as well for both women and men customers. Many times, this would cause fights to break out during the performance over handsome, young actors. Because of this, young males were banned from performing.

After this, kabuki was performed by older men. They worked hard to bring back the good reputation of kabuki. Men who played the role of women were called Onnagata or Oyama. At that time, there were two roles in kabuki, rough style (Aragoto) and Wagoto (Sakata tojuro). The men’s kabuki, also known as Yaro kabuki, was very influential and popular in its time.

Very detailed makeup was worn by the kabuki artists. The reckless warrior, or Aragoto character, wore loud makup and bright clothing. This character was very exaggerated and had a lot of actions to perform. The Wagoto, on the other hand, was a role that was more cultural and performed more realistic dialogue and gestures.

At the outbreak of World War II, a lot of the local theaters were destroyed in the bombings. Because of this, there was a ban placed on kabuki. In 1947, the ban was lifted and the kabuki performances were again started. They began to flourish again all over the country of Japan, and still do today.