Category Archives: General


The History of Weaving

 Weaving is said to be one of the oldest surviving crafts the world has known, with the weaving tradition dating back to 12,000 years ago during Neolithic times. Before the weaving process was discovered and coined, the basic principle existed and was often used to interlace branches and other materials to create fences, shelters, and other solid objects.

Weaving is a popular method used to create textiles. It consists of interlinking vertical and horizontal threads. These threads have different names; the vertical threads known as wrap and the set of horizontal threads as weft. The act of weaving can be done commercially using machines or by hand. The machines sued for weaving are usually known as looms.

Looms started as basic wooden frames and gradually transformed into the modern, electric machines we know and use today. Although, for the most part, weaving has become mechanized, hand weaving is still an existing practice.

The first string was created 20,000 to 30,0000 years ago when humans began to twist plant fibers together. Fine strings were produced by gathering a small bundle of plant fibers and stretching them, twisting them together at the same time. This discovery was the first step to weaving, sewing, and spinning.

Threads and strings of different sizes were created by using different sizes of plant fibers- more fibers for a thick thread, and less for a thin thread. Once individual threads were created, the threads could then be woven together to create tactile objects useful to everyday life.

Cloth weaving came about in the Neolithic Era and was used in virtually every household for a variety of purposes. For thousands of years following its creation, cloth weaving was associated with family and personal life and by the 11th century, most of the popular weaving patterns we use today had been created. This is when cloth weaving started to become a work-related task, migrating away from family.

During the Industrial Revolution, weaving turned fully mechanic with the invention of water and steam powered weaving looms. The fly shuttle -a narrow canoe shaped tool that houses a bobbin- was put to work weaving the threads, removing the need for workers to manage the threads by hand. The fly shuttle was created by John Kay in England in 1733. The invention doubled the speed of weaving and increased production.

The Jacquard Machine was established in the 1800s. It used a punch card mechanism to operate the loom and has been credited as the basis of modern computer science. Textiles woven on this machine are complex and modern.

These among other weaving innovations made in the Industrial Revolution, lead to a change in the way woven cloth was manufactured and sold. Now, large quantities of cloth could be produced for relatively cheap.

Today, a large, complex cloth making industry is in place; crafting intricate, luxurious cloth and supplying millions with it. There are artisans that use traditional looks to weave, though. These artisans keep the ancient tradition alive.

Paint And Dirt On Your Carpets? How To Clean It Off!

Like a lot of artists, the studio and/or house can be a messy looking place from time to time, whenever we are in our creative flow, whether that be painting a picture, sculpting a ceramic ornament or cutting wood for the latest masterpiece. Floors can get dirty and stained and dirty with paint, glues and other bits of dirt.

Although this may sound contradictory, but having a clean working environment can give you the head space and clarity sometimes needed to proceed wonderful pieces of art. I’ve put together some pointers on keeping carpets clean, please feel free to read them below:

A guide to carpet cleaning

In addition to vacuuming, considering a professional clean of your carpets is a good idea, before they become too bad to do yourself! Steam cleaning them will remove any oily or sticky soil, which vacuuming just won’t remove. Steam cleaning will remove any embedded dirt, that may have been absorbed by your carpet over time.

These type of particles will build up on your carpet, causing a dulling effect on the color which eventually causes a wearing away of the carpet fiber. A high-pressure steaming job with a strong vacuum would restore the color vibrancy in your carpets while lifting away the embedded soil.

It’s all in the routine

Don’t wait for your carpets to get too dirty, take a proactive approach. If you clean your carpets and upholstery regularly, then you will avoid dirt building up before it gets too engrained. This will prolong the lifespan of your carpets, keeping them looking fresher, newer and cleaner for longer. Check out professional carpet cleaning in livermore

Hot water extraction method

  1. Applying a hot solution mixed with detergent
  2. then agitate the carpet fibers, before finally
  3. extracting the used solution and soil particles.

green paint on carpet

Leave it to the pros!

Yes, carpet cleaner machines are available on the rental market. However, these often lack power in both pumping the solution right into the carpet’s base and also being able to extract the end solution of dirt from the carpet. These machines also haven’t got a way to heat the cleaning solution.

If your carpet is too wet it may take up to two days for it to be fully dried out, so you may end up walking on your damp carpet, walking loose soil from your shoes into the carpet causing it to get dirty again very soon.

Whereas a professional carpet cleaning service will use the correct detergents to suit your style of carpet.

A note on fabric protectors

Fabric protector for your carpet and upholstery basically protects them against spots from forming or any potential staining of the fabric.

It will ensure:

  • Prevention of the soakage of liquids into your carpets or upholstery
  • Acts as a repellent towards particles of dead skin and oil from hair
  • Improves the cleanliness longevity of your carpet
  • Will reduce the amount of fabric cleaning you will need to do, and
  • there will be reduced wear n’ tear of your

Starting Out With Clay. 4 Things to Know

So you may have decided to try your hand at the pottery wheel. Great! Knowing where to begin can feel a little overwhelming at the start. What tools do I need? What space do I need to work in? What temperature does clay set in?

clay art

Starting out with a beginner’s pottery class can give you an idea of some of the basics to getting more involved with this wonderful craft. Alternatively, buying some clay and experimenting with little crafts on your own is a good trial and error way to get a taster for the potter’s wheel. I have put together some things to know before you start out by yourself:

  1. So why work with clay?

For a start, clay is simply fascinating to work with! There are no mistakes and the beauty of it is that it will lend itself favorably to your level of skill – beginner or advanced, whether you are a child or an adult. It’s very easy to learn how to make a pinch pot in just under one hour.

Even though it is simple to learn, clay is not boring. There are always more techniques and designs to explore and create. Get yourself ready for an adventure on your clay journey!

  1. The best space to work in?

It is best to keep clay at room or to work in an outer building by itself. Clay dust particles are very fine and probably won’t be sucked up by a standard household vacuum.

Ideally, the best space for you to work in should have

  • floors impenetrable to water and easily cleanable (concrete)
  • water access close by (note: clay shouldn’t go down your drain!)
  • a sturdy table
  • a surface which clay will not stick to
  • some sturdy shelves for drying your pots
  • some type of storage unit
  1. Lots of different clays and glazes!

The temperature in which your clay matures at is the most important thing to consider. This is because glazes should be matched to the temperature of maturation for the clay.

Tip: Find a local potter who’ll hire out some kiln space to you. This way, you can find out the temperature(s) they would usually fire to and you might pick up some other tips too!

  1. Find your clay and supplies

Instant clay ready to use form the pack and glazes are pretty widely available on the market. You can buy these in a range of colors (meaning the color of the fired clay) and suitable for a range of temperatures. The best starting point would be to check with a local store that supplies ceramic and pottery supplies, a store for artist’s supplies or crafts retailer. Many of the local stores could be willing and able to help you out if you ask them. Alternatively, Google some online pottery and ceramic supply stores to give you an idea.

Fly, some money advice!

As you get more familiar with clay and practice making more pots, you should consider ordering larger quantities of supplies each time as you will save money on shipping and also get more clay for your buck!